A RAND study focused on the scope of these campaigns and possibilities for countering, such as through media literacy training and the creation of counter-narratives.
Mark Dillen dives deep into the role of citizen journalists and the private sector in countering disinformation across the digital sphere.
According to Jan Melissen, meta-literacy is one of the best ways to fight back against disinformation.
In a two-part series, Jan Melissen advocates understanding the trend of fake news before attempting to combat it.
Ilan Manor discusses how Network Gatekeepers can be harnessed to stop the flow of disinformation, hate speech and more.
Joseph Braude explains the popularity of RT in Arab countries and what American media can do to counter it.